Centers for adult day care focus on providing elder care and companionship for senior citizens who require monitoring or assistance during the day. This can help family members or others caring for the elderly to be able to go to work, run errands, or have some personal time with the assurance that the senior citizen is being cared for and is safe. This program aims to delay or prevent the necessity of moving to a nursing home by offering alternative care, enhancing self-esteem, and setting up opportunities for socialization.

Types of Adult Care Facilities

Two types of senior day care exist. One type is called adult social day care, and it offers senior citizens social activities, meals, recreation, and some health-related care. The other is called adult health day care, and it offers elder care with more specialized health, therapeutic, and social services for senior citizens with severe medical disorders and disabilities and those more prone to requiring care in a nursing home.

Senior citizens who take part in these programs usually do so on a scheduled basis. Following is a list of some services offered in adult care centers:

  • Counseling
  • Education
  • Evening care
  • Recreation
  • Health screening
  • Meals
  • Medical care
  • Physical therapy
  • Exercise
  • Socialization
  • Supervision
  • Respite care
  • Transportation
  • Medical management

Adult day care centers are generally open during normal business hours. They may stand alone or be a branch of senior centers, nursing homes, home health care agencies, religious institutions, hospitals, or schools. Those providing the elder care may monitor medications, provide meals and snacks, perform therapy, set up social activities, and organize transportation to and from the center.

Is Adult Day Care the Right Choice for Our Family?

If you are wondering whether you or a family member can benefit from adult day care, the following case study might answer some of your questions. Paul is a 69-year-old man who has had a stroke. He moves in with his son, David, and daughter-in-law, Kira, for supervision and support, but since they both work, Paul needs a different type of care during the day. Their solution is for Kira to take Paul to an adult day care center in the morning and for David to pick him up after work. The center is able to monitor Paul’s medications and provides lunch, some physical therapy, and social activities with other senior citizens while David and Kira are at work.

Adult Day Care Facilities: Choosing the Right Facility

When searching for the right adult day care center for you or your loved one, it’s important to note that there may be vast differences among centers, so you may want to find out about each center near you. Visiting the centers and talking those providing the elder care and other families who take part in this program may help you determine whether a certain facility meets your needs.

Another important factor to consider is cost, which can range from $25 to $100 per day depending on factors like which services are included, where the center is located, and the type of reimbursement. These costs are generally not covered by Medicare, but some financial assistance may be available through federal or state programs such as Medicaid, the Older Americans Act, and the Veterans Administration.

Contacting your local aging information and assistance provider or area agency on aging can provide you with listings and information of specific centers located near you. The Eldercare Locator ( can help you connect to these agencies. This is also a helpful website to peruse if you’re considering assistive technology as an option. Some area agencies can assist senior citizens and those involved in their elder care with finding and buying low-cost assistive technology, as can local civic groups, religious and veterans’ organizations, and senior centers.

Some people also describe this feeling as a sudden pause as if the heart stops then one big mighty thump. Or as if the heart forgot to beat for a second. Some people do find this sensation to be a little frightening.

A question I am asked a lot is “I get a lot of skipped beats do many other people get this?”

The answer is YES!

Even people who do not suffer from anxiety and panic often report a sensation of a “skipped beat”.

Now of course I am not a doctor, however… When I wore a 24 hour Holter monitor I did record in my diary a feeling of a skipped beat a few times. And for every time I recorded feeling a “skipped beat” it coincided with an “ectopic heart beat“.

My cardiologist informed me that almost everyone has an ectopic beat and they’re harmless.

If you are concerned about it this is something you could maybe bring forth on your next doctors visit. There are certain things that can make this sensation more frequent, for example; stress, cigarette smoking, alcohol, caffeine, even exercise can bring it on.

If it’s really worrying you, your doctor may recommend a beta-blocker to reduce the amount of skipped beats you feel.

Note: Never self diagnose. Make sure you visit your local GP first. All material provided is for informational or educational purposes only. No content is intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Consult your doctor regarding the applicability of any opinions or recommendations with respect to your symptoms or medical condition.

The question of stem cells happens to be one of the dominant subjects in the debate over biotechnology and human genetics: Should we use embryonic stem cells or adult stem cells for future medical therapies?

So what are Stem Cells, Exactly?

It’s appropriate here to sketch the characteristics of stem cells, and also the overthrow of some dogmas of developmental biology. Broadly speaking, a stem cell is one that-in the course of cell division and rise in the amount of cells – is able to reproduce itself and also mature into various specialized kinds of cells.

Embryonic cells are obtained from a growing embryo in the blastocyst stage, destroying the embryo, a developing human life. Adult cells, however, are found in most tissues of the growing human being and, based on latest reports, also have the possibility to transform themselves into practically other cell types, or revert to being stem cells with greater reproductive capacity. Embryonic cells have yet to be used for even one therapy, while adult stem cells have already been successfully used in numerous patients, including for cardiac infarction (death of an area of the heart tissue).

These cells are of wide interest for medicine, simply because they have the possibility, under suitable conditions, to build up into almost all of the different types of cells. They should therefore be able to repair damaged or defective tissues (for instance, destroyed insulin-producing cells in the pancreas). Most of the so-called degenerative diseases, for which you will find as yet no effective therapies, could then be alleviated or healed.

The cell with the greatest potential (totipotential) may be the fertilized ovum, which is effective at developing right into a complete organism. Tissue-specific stem cells have the ability – as may be impressively demonstrated in experiments with animals – to “transdifferentiate” themselves when in a different environment – that is, to take on the cell functions of the new tissue. Thus, neuronal cells of mice have transformed themselves into blood stem cells and then produced blood cells.

Indeed, you will find indications of some other capability of adult stem cells: Apparently they have the potential to become “reprogrammed.” Not only can they adjust to the particular conditions of the new tissue environment, but they can even assume more generalized, earlier levels of development, so that it even appears entirely possible that they become totipotent again.

It has been noted for about 30 years that these cells can be found within the tissue from the adult, but it was assumed that they could only form cells of a particular tissue. That is, reprogramming them was considered impossible. Recently, however, pluripotent stem cells were found in a variety of human tissues – in the spinal-cord, within the brain, within the mesenchyme (connective tissue) of various organs, and in the blood from the umbilical cord. These pluripotent cells can handle forming several cell types – principally blood, muscle, and nerve cells. It has been possible to recognize, select, and develop them to the point that they form mature cell types with the help of growth factors and regulating proteins.

It is becoming clear from transplantation experiments with animals, that stem cells of a particular tissue can develop into cells of a different kind. Thus, bone marrow cells have been induced to become brain cells, but additionally liver cells.

Once you know how your natural renewal system works, it’ll become obvious for you why increasing the number of circulating adult stem cells has become the best thing you can do to maintain optimal health. This exciting information was discovered so recently that most people – even many doctors – don’t know about it yet!

Essentially, some tips about what happens when a necessity develops within your body…

1. The tissue or organ in need of assistance sends chemical messengers out to the bloodstream,
2. These chemical messengers then prompt the release of cells from the bone marrow.
3. While another group of chemical messengers sent through the tissue in need of assistance prompts the circulating stem cells to…

a. Migrate to the tissue
b. Profilerate ( make more) and
c. Then transform themselves into healthy cells of this tissue.

This information is very exciting but where to from here for the average person in the street? A company was formed in 2005, headquartered in the USA, and are now trading in 14 countries, that has developed a patent pending product that assists you to maintain optimal health. The company is marketing the products through the MultiLevel Marketing concept where distributors are reported to be making substantial incomes from their downlines. People like yourself are reporting amazing results after a short period of time taking the capsules daily.

Could this be the next big thing to hit the medical world? The company cannot give any guarantees that their product will cure anything, but suggest that people try the product and see what results they get.

Get your dark circle treatment here.

According to Medicinenet abdominal pain can be classified by onset, type, and location: the onset of pain can be either sudden or gradual; the type of pain can be either constant or crampy; the location can be either localized or diffuse. Using a thermometer, check anyone suffering from abdominal pain for a fever.

Question: What are minor causes of abdominal pain?

Indigestion is the most common cause of abdominal distress in both adults and children. Indigestion results from eating too much or eating unsuitable food. It is often accompanied by heartburn, belching, and a sensation of fullness or nausea. In most cases, indigestion ceases gradually and within a few hours. Antacids may help. Indigestion does not trigger a fever.

Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the lining of the stomach and intestinal tract. It is another common cause of abdominal pain. It can be caused by food poisoning, food allergies, or infections, for example, “stomach flu.” The pain is crampy, diffuse, and may come on suddenly. There is nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. If the cause is infectious, there may be a fever.

Constipation is a difficulty in emptying the bowels. The pain is often sudden and may be either constant or crampy. Although the pain is usually diffuse, it can be localized to the left side of the abdomen. Constipation does not cause a fever. The pain is relieved by either passing gas and/or stool.

Irritable colon, which is also known as spastic colon or mucous colitis, is a disturbance of large intestine function. The condition is made worse by periods of emotional stress. The pain is crampy. There can be either constipation, diarrhea, or mucous stools, as well as a loss of appetite. A fever is not a symptom.

Menstrual cramps or painful menstrual periods (dysmenorrhea) are experienced by many women. Pain at ovulation or mittelschmerz (middle pain) occurs midway between periods. It can be severe; it is localized to the right or to the left lower abdomen. There is no vomiting, diarrhea, or fever. The pain usually passes in a day or two.

Question: What are the more serious causes of abdominal pain?

Sudden sharp pain that comes in waves (a condition known medically as colic) may be accompanied by vomiting, sweating, and the need to double up. Colic can be caused by several potentially serious disorders, such as intestinal obstruction; stones in the gall bladder system (biliary colic); or stones in the kidney system (renal colic).

Continuous pain, together with slight fever, tenderness of the abdomen when touched, and sometimes vomiting may be caused by inflammation of the appendix (appendicitis), colon (colitis), colon pouches (diverticulitis), or gall bladder (cholecystitis). An inflamed pancreas (pancreatitis) causes continuous pain, vomiting, and tenderness to the touch. An inflamed fallopian tube (salpingitis) causes continuous pain, lower abdominal pain, fever, and tenderness to the touch.

Continuous pain that comes on suddenly, producing tenderness of the abdomen when touched, may be caused by a perforated ulcer, an ectopic (tubal) pregnancy, or a leaking abdominal, aortic aneurysm. An abdominal aneurysm may also cause pain in the back.

Question: What other disorders include abdominal pain as a symptom?

Abdominal pain with backache and frequent, painful passing of urine suggests inflammation of the kidney (pyelonephritis) or of the bladder (cystitis). There may also be a fever. Recurrent abdominal pain may be caused by a peptic ulcer. Abdominal pain is also a symptom of inflammation of the stomach lining (gastritis) or an inflammation of the liver (hepatitis).

Question: Are children especially subject to abdominal pain?

No. But a child with infection of the middle ear (otitis media) or inflammation of the tonsils (tonsillitis) may complain of a stomachache. There may be two reasons for this: a child’s non-abdominal illness may make him or her feel queasy or nauseated; also, a child’s vocabulary may be limited to ache or pain associated in the past with abdominal pain or a stomachache.


As we age certain senses degenerate. At times age is not the main cause for hearing loss either. Use the following tips to prevent hearing loss and save yourself from unnecessary problems.

There are many reasons for losing the ability to hear. Although age was considered a prime reason for hearing loss, the increasing noise pollution is also endangering our ears. However, early identification of problems or even steps to protect your ears can minimize loss of hearing.

How to Prevent Hearing Loss?

· Prolonged exposure to noise: One of the main causes of hearing loss is continuous exposure to noise. It helps to reduce exposure time to such noise. Some of the most common sources of noise include electronic gadgets including television and music systems. Even as a parent, you should teach your children to watch television or listen to music at a safe level.

· Earplugs: These are great for hearing protection against various factors which could cause hearing loss. You can use earplugs when you are exposed to loud sounds or even when you are swimming to prevent contaminated water from affecting your ears. Even tasks such as mowing the lawn can damage your ears if the machine emanates a high level of noise.

· Loud noises: It has been proven that sudden exposure to loud noise can damage your hearing almost instantly. Hence, you need to be extremely careful when you are attending shows such as music concerts or other events where the noise levels are high. You should even avoid residing near factories and other places which make noise constantly.

· Prevent infection: Apart from noise, infection which spreads from your nose or throat could impact your hearing as well. You need to be extremely careful to avoid formation of pus or fluid in the ear cavity. Consult a specialist and take medicines to curb the spread of infection.

· Get tested: It is natural that one will experience the reduction of audio sensory after a certain age due to a number of reasons including genetic history, disease, and other factors. However, help is at hand in the form of various hearing aids. If you feel your hearing could be improved you should get tested and use professional guidance to determine the best option for your needs.

The loss of hearing used to be just associated with the elderly. However, today it affects youngsters as well. The main reason for this are the lifestyle changes related to exposure to loud music for long periods and noise-induced hearing loss due to the increasing use of gadgets and listening devices among others. There are a number of hearing tests which can determine the level of hearing loss you have.